Epipactis gigantea

Stream orchid

Plant Type: Perennial
Sun: Partial Shade, Sun
Drainage: Adaptable
Water: Moist, Regular
Height X Width: 2' X 2'
Santa Clara County Local: Yes
What do these mean?



The stream orchid is one of the roughly forty taxa of the orchid family found in California. Most of California’s orchids are as beautiful as they are difficult to cultivate. The coral roots of the genus Corallorhiza, for instance, appear in woodland settings with small intricate flowers with maroon markings. The plants are incapable of photosynthesis but rely on soil fungus for food, rendering the genus nearly impossible to cultivate. The stream orchid, however, is one of a very few native orchids that is quite easy to grow. It grows abundantly in moist habitats throughout western North America. Following winter dormancy it sends up shoots of wide leaves topped with sets of flowers with some combination of green, yellow, orange or red. It spreads via rhizomes as far as it can find water, forming quite a clump over time.


Deer Resistant: Yes
Attractive to Bees: Yes
Attractive to Butterflies: Yes
Good Under Oaks: No
Evergreen or Deciduous: Deciduous